How to Get Rid of Dark Spots on Your Face? Dark Spot Treatment Options
Dark spots are a common skin problem that often occurs around the forehead, cheeks and chin. They are caused by the pigment called melanin, the same substance that gives your skin its natural color. Over time, the pigment breaks down, causing the spots to fade but the mark of their existence remains. Although harmless in the literal sense, dark spots are often associated with unattractiveness and can be a cause of insecurity in some people.
Most people who have dark spots use make-up products before heading out or go for laser therapies and glycolic peels in the hope to get flawless skin. While these dark spot treatments may be effective in their own right, they are not meant for everyone.
If you are someone who believes in natural, Ayurvedic remedies, we have some of the proven ways to help you maintain naturally radiant, flawless skin
But before we talk about the treatment for dark spots on the face, let’s get to the bottom of the issue and understand what causes dark spots on the face.
What are dark spots?
As a natural defense mechanism, our skin produces melanin to protect the subdermal layer from harmful UV rays. But the problem starts when it is being produced excessively in response to certain triggers.
While external factors like prolonged sun exposure may trigger the excessive production of melanin, sometimes the reasons are internal, such as hormonal imbalance or side-effects of medicines. Whatever may be the reason, abnormally high melanin production leads to dark spots appearing in certain areas of your face.
This skin condition is also referred to as hyperpigmentation in clinical terms.
Now let’s understand the causes of dark spots from the Ayurveda standpoint.
In the ancient Ayurvedic texts, hyperpigmentation is classified as Vyanga and Neelika. Vyanga is a state when dark spots appear as a result of an imbalanced diet or being in a perpetual state of stress or physical exhaustion.
And Neelika is a condition wherein these dark spots get even darker.
Apart from prolonged sun exposure, here are some of the predominant causes of dark spots appearing on your face.
1. Hormonal Changes
Factors like stress, trauma, eating disorders, or pregnancy can disturb the natural hormonal balance. As a result, your body may get false triggers to synthesize more melanin than usual, causing dark spots to appear on your forehead, on the bridge of the nose, chin, or cheeks.
Deep scars from an injury, acne, or eczema can leave dark spots on your face.
3. Cosmetic products
Certain chemical-based cosmetic products, such as bleach or perfumes, can cause skin irritation, which may result in dark spots.
4. Extended medication
After a certain point, your body may start to show adverse symptoms in response to medications. In case you are taking NSAIDs, there’s a high chance of getting skin pigmentation as one of the side effects.
With the major causes of dark spots out of the way, let’s have a look at various methods of treating dark spots.
Every Ayurvedic treatment starts with ensuring the doshas are at their optimal level. This is done through oral consumption or topical application of certain herbal formulations.
Wondering how to get rid of dark spots on my face? Ayurvedic scriptures mention various ayurvedic remedies for black spots on the face. Using Ayurvedic skin brightening formulations help to maintain the natural radiance of the skin.
Also known as saffron oil, Kumkumadi Thailam, with its skin nurturing properties, gives you naturally glowing skin.
This Ayurvedic remedy shows better results when applied before going to bed at night. Before applying Kumkumadi Thailam, use pure rose water to clean your face.
Gently massage your face using saffron oil – take a few drops so it doesn’t drip off your face. Leave it overnight and wash it off the next morning.
Nalpamaradi Thailam contains the goodness of sesame oil, turmeric, vetiver roots, gooseberry, and Indian madder. These ingredients are proven effective in skin illuminating and nourishing.
Gently massage your face using Nalpamaradi Thailam, and wash it off after 30 minutes using a herbal cleanser.
Swarnamukhi Face Cream
Formulated with an age-old recipe, Kanaka thailam, which literally means ‘The Golden Oil, enriched with saffron, lotus, plus skin restorative herbs including Rubia cordifolia and Symplocos racemosa, Swarnamukhi Face cream helps to maintain normal skin texture, complexion and clarity
A quite effective remedy for improving the skin complexion and texture by nourishing your skin. It is prescribed as one of the safest remedies for sensitive skin.
Massage Eladi oil in the affected areas and wash it off after 30 minutes. Recommended twice a day for best results.
Swarnamukhi Face Pack
Swarnamukhi Face pack is a cleansing and exfoliating herbal face pack for smoothness, luminosity, and youthful vibrancy of your skin. Made with a unique blend of nourishing herbs like Callicarpa flower, Saffron, Barley, and the sacred lotus flower, it gently exfoliates dead skin and debris that clogs the pores, revealing beautiful, glowing skin.
Adding one of the following essential oils to your skincare routine can reduce dark spots over time, giving you glowing, youthful skin naturally.
Tea Tree Oil
Thanks to its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, tea tree oil is an effective remedy for acne and blemishes. Due to its soothing effect on the skin, it helps reduce redness and irritation as well.
It is best known to prevent acne and dark spots by regulating melanin production in your skin. When used regularly, turmeric oil can improve your complexion and give you an even skin tone.
Owing to its natural astringent properties, Geranium oil has excellent toning effects on your skin. It soothes your skin and reduces hyperpigmentation due to inflammation.
Rich in antioxidants, Chamomile oil aids in reducing dark spots and repairing skin damage due to sun exposure. It has an anti-inflammatory compound called Azulene, which replenishes dead cells and has a soothing effect on your skin.
With its amazing healing properties, Lavender oil helps reduce dark spots and repair skin damage caused by irritation or inflammation. It contains Linalyl acetate, which soothes your skin and promotes relaxation.
It restores your skin’s elasticity and helps repair your skin tissues with natural cell regeneration. As a result, your dark spots may fade away naturally.
Home remedies are the best when it comes to treating a certain skin condition.
Buttermilk is the answer to one of the most pressing skincare questions – ‘how to remove dark spots caused by pimples?’. Apply buttermilk directly to the dark spots using a cotton ball. Wash it off after 20 minutes. Repeat the process every day.
Turmeric is one of the active ingredients in various Ayurvedic remedies, and it might as well work wonders when used in its intrinsic form. For easy application, you can prepare a paste of turmeric powder, gram flour and fresh curd. Leave it on your face for 45 minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.
Tomatoes have antioxidants that revitalize your skin. Add a little bit of honey to tomato puree and apply it to your face. Wash it off 30 minutes later with lukewarm water.
Green Tea Extract
Don’t throw away your used green tea bag just yet. Use it to gently massage your face while it’s still wet. Wash your face after 15 minutes.
Take equal parts of orange peel powder and sandalwood powder, and add rose water to the mix. Apply this paste directly to your dark spots and rinse it off with lukewarm water after 30 minutes. Apply moisturizer if your skin feels a bit dry.
Papaya extracts are widely used in beauty and skincare products for their antioxidant properties. Apply papaya puree as a face mask and leave it on for 30 minutes. After you wash it off, massage your face using a gentle scrub to exfoliate dead skin.
Before you apply lemon to your skin, make sure your skin is well moisturized and doesn’t have any cuts so as to avoid irritation. Prepare a 1:1 solution of lemon juice and water. Use a cotton ball to apply it to your dark spots and wash your face after 20 minutes.
Prepare a face mask using mango, honey and almond oil in a 2:1:1 proportion. Or you can adjust the ingredients to have a paste-like consistency. Apply evenly on the entire face and wash it off after 30 minutes.
Before using any face packs or herbal products, do a patch test first to ensure you are not allergic to any of these ingredients.
Can dark spots be prevented?
When it comes to dark spots or any other skin concern for that matter, prevention is almost always easier than cure. From the Ayurveda standpoint, you must ensure that your Ayurvedic doshas are at their optimal level to avoid skin concerns.
If you are concerned that your skin might develop dark spots or if you are already noticing the early signs, you can take the following measures to prevent dark spots from spreading or happening at all.
Use a Sunscreen
While you may be tempted to soak up some sun to get a gorgeous tan, prolonged sun exposure can lead to freckles and dark spots, let alone skin burns. When you go outside, whether it’s summer or winter, apply sunscreen to protect your skin from harmful UV radiation. Your sunscreen should have a minimum of 30 SPF. And make it a routine to reapply sunscreen every 2-3 hours if your job requires you to stay outdoors or if you are traveling.
In some cases, dark spots appear due to nutritional deficiency or eating disorders. Therefore, it is important to eat light and fresh. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet to fill the nutrition gap. Apart from seasonal fruits and greens, eating eggs, legumes, onion, and garlic may also help. If you have specific dietary restrictions, always consult a qualified nutritionist before making any major changes to your diet.
Sometimes, your body fails to derive nutrients from the food you eat. In that case, you can rely on natural supplements to get your nutrition fix. These supplements have a fair amount of vitamins (C and E) and Zinc, to supply your body with everything that your regular diet lacks. It is advised to consult a medical practitioner before purchasing any over-the-counter supplements.
Moisture is crucial to healthy skin. So it’s important to stay hydrated at all times. Drink 4-5 litres of water a day. If you work out or engage in sports activities, you might want to increase your water intake by a liter or two. Drinking adequate water not only keeps your skin moisturized but also flushes out toxins to keep your gut and internal organs healthy.
Stress is one of the predominant factors that trigger breakouts on your face. And in most cases, these acne flare ups often leave dark spots on your face as they heal. Engaging in sports or creative activities can divert your mind from things that cause stress. You can also try meditation, yoga or a good-ol’ head massage to calm your tense nerves.
Smoking is injurious to health in more ways than one. Not only does it weaken your respiratory system but also leave a negative impact on your skin, such as breakouts, which may lead to dark spots.
Although we must embrace our flaws, Ayurveda believes skin conditions might provide a deeper insight of your inner health.
The best way to gain naturally healthy skin is by trying it the natural way. Ayurveda does not provide any magical overnight remedies to make your skin woes disappear, what it does provide is a deeper understanding to achieve healthy and naturally radiant skin.